Category Archives: 人权 Human Rights

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剩女 家暴 婚姻法保护男性

这篇文章是常居中国的Leta Hong Fincher写的。她主要研究妇女问题。

基本上就是说越来越多的剩女在中国反抗婚姻,一方面是因为她们喜欢独生生活,另一方面是因为中国妇女权利难以得到保护。文章说,中国大约25%婚姻有家庭暴力,有些组织认为比例更高。如果你问一个妇女,你家里有没有家暴,她会说,“没有,当然没有”。如果你问,“你丈夫打过你吗?”那么答案常常是Yes。

中国法律定义家暴也比较含糊,法官基本不会判定是有家暴。

最后2011年婚姻法修改之后,认为离婚后,主要财产属于房产证上有名字的人。大约30%的房产证上有双方的名字。不过这个说回来,又是中国结婚往往要求男方有房的结果,所以这个法律也许是保护男方全资买房,离婚后丢掉一半吧?但事实上妇女权益也会因此受损,所以一定要求男方有房才结婚,是双刃剑。

一个北京女人告诉Leta:

“The institution of marriage basically benefits men, and when women are hurt, this institution doesn’t protect our rights. The most rational choice is to stay single.”

Collective Silence on Durban Climate Talk by Media?

Well, although nothing substantial has happened yet at Durban, South Africa, I think it is still worth mentioning that such an important meeting is taking place.

So I just did a search. This is what I found:

No mention of COP17 climate talk in Durban, South Africa on front page:

  • NYT, no mention even on “World”
  • Foxnews, no mention even on “World”
  • Washington Post: mentions on “World”
  • The Guardian, mentioned it on “World”
  • ABCNews, no mention even on “World”
  • Google News
  • CNN, no mention even on “World”; massive black hole makes front page
  • CBSNews, no mention even on “World”
  • NPR, but has it on “World”
  • MSNBC, no mention even on “World”

Those who mentioned it:

  • BBC
  • Huffington Post (barely)
  • Xinhuanet (Chinese, featured)
  • Zaobao (Singapore, somehow mentioned)
  • Yahoo News (two links!)
  • Bing news (1 link)
  • The Onion (related article)
  • United Nation News (of course)
  • USA Today (but basically bashing Gingrich for denying his previous support for taking actions about climate change and cap-and-trade; also make it sounds like climate change is not true)

…. Our planet is doomed.

Those who did not report about Durban climate talks, seem to prefer news that a planet presumably located in a habitable zone of another solar system is found. Ironically, I do not think we can migrate to that planet before ours is destroyed.

Also, I think that it seems Africa is going to be hit very hard by climate change. But that is basically off most people’s radar.

当伦敦的群众唱起国际歌

伦敦的群众上街唱起国际歌,国际歌在中国因为过于敏感似乎已经在多数场合被禁。而一向就不和国际工人运动接轨的美国,自然而然不会大规模纪念1911年,整整一百年前的三角工厂火灾,虽然这场火灾是美国工人运动重要的转折点,也是国际三八妇女节的最后日期由来的原因之一。再回到中国,以及其他第三世界国家,工人权利事实上可能还不如美国至少半个世纪以前。国际资本主义发展方向自然而然当内部工人权益抗争导致利润下降之后,是把血汗工厂转移到其他国家去。

Twitter不仅是北非人民争取民主的工具,据称也在近期英国人民对抗贪婪公司的运动中发挥了作用。有趣的是,Guardian.co.uk首页上有放置显著链接,报道关于英国人抗议政府减少公共开支的新闻。而BBC.co.uk,我没找到显著的链接,搜索英文”抗议”和”砍”没有结果,可谓根红苗正。

本来好早就想写一点东西,因为最近国际风云变化很多。于是在一个周一的晚上不得不外出在外,写点东西也都非常的杂乱无章。不过我想我也没什么办法,姑且先都记录下来。

话说,英国著名的沃达丰电信公司,是美国Verizon的母公司。这个公司是典型的资本主义挟持政府和公众,因为它想方设法避免给英国政府交税。而且,不但是沃达丰向英国逃税,美国Verizon也是利用把利润转接到位于国外的沃达丰达到逃税的目的。

英国群众在这次上街抗议英国政府大砍公众开支之前,不列颠各地群众就已经自发组织起来,在周六去沃达丰店门口和店内抗议了。英国人说,你们不能这样对我们,你沃达丰赚我们的钱,利用大家交税维护起来的公众设施赚钱,接过还不交税给政府,导致我们群众福利受损,我们不同意。

在美国,民间群众也组织起来抗议Bank of America(美国银行)了。Bank of America利润其实很高,但是在金融风暴的时候拿走纳税人460亿美元,但是最近两年却是一分钱的企业所得税都没有交。Bank of America这样因为自己贪婪导致危机,然后从纳税人手里拿走巨额资金,最后还毫不对公众进行返还的行为,正是资本家贪婪无止尽的充分体现。据称,美国近年有2/3的企业没有缴纳任何企业所得税(corporate income tax),比如General Electric (通用电气)。不仅如此,有些企业不仅不交税,反而还能claim tax credit,从政府拿钱。这些赤裸裸的企业和资本家贪婪的行为,已经激发美国和英国的民间民主运动。代表之一,就是所谓Uncut运动。参见:
http://www.usuncut.org/
http://www.ukuncut.org.uk/

这次英国人在伦敦创下英国历史上第二多参与者的抗议游行。相比在美国各地相对小规模的抗议州政府对Public sector工会进行的抗议示威,显示美国公众其实被压迫更重但是反抗却明显不如。事实上,参与抗议的英国人甚至认为他们是受到中东和北非各国人民的启示,相信如果足够多的人上街游行,是可以make a difference的。他们有的学习埃及人在解放广场上那样,点起篝火,搭起帐篷。和警察的冲突也是不可避免的了。看中国,虽然有小规模“茉莉花”,但是实在是毛毛雨。总的说来,工人运动,社会主义,共产主义思潮,都是在欧洲和美国开始的。中国不仅本质上只是拾人牙慧,而且最后还搞本质上的中国特色资本主义。至少欧美资本主义在一定程度上是有较为公平的起跑线的。美国梦,实际上就是给相对公平起跑线的肯定。

其实最近的感觉是,北非人起来反抗的时候,至少很多人是有想法的,有观点的。这些国家的独裁者再强大,人民的观点还没有完全磨灭掉,统治者也还不能靠暴力手段把人民的不满镇压下去。中国人呢,感觉大部分人其实都没有多少观点和想法;观点和想法都是怎么赚钱,怎么原始积累,怎么爬上金字塔。其实中国绝对有足够的人不满现实,而且理由可以比英国人多很多,但是我们看不到多少有意义的抗争,我想背后隐藏的东西还是很值得思考的。最近听一些媒体采访北非革命领导人,感觉真的很吃惊,因为我觉得他们的觉悟,理想,勇气,都是我和我的很多同胞不可比拟的。

而在美国参加抗争的人,英国一些运动领袖,他们对现实犀利的批判,对社会残酷现实的深刻认识,也让我稍感乐观,因为正义还在,是非对错,黑与白,总是有智者能够看清的。人和社会都天性上会有一股势力会努力朝黑暗方向靠拢,但是劳动者,labor,大众,通常还是不断推进了社会的进步。美国工人权利的斗争,转折点是三八妇女节来源的纺织女工被烧死事件。几十年来争取到的工人权益,眼看就要被颠覆,实在让人捏一把汗。三角工厂火灾一百周年刚刚过去,我拭目以待是否历史将要倒退。

说到工会的话,日本,英国工会力量都比美国强多了,日本一样可以地震之后几天把某些受损高速公路修复。美国呢?最近居然看到美国人在这个新闻后面评价,说美国不能是因为工会太强大。其实就是美国人懒,和工会没关系。美国主流媒体洗脑能力真是不得了。

LAME

Ex-CIA Analyst Ray McGovern Beaten, Arrested for Silent Protest at Clinton Speech

This week, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton gave a major address calling for Internet freedom around the world. As Clinton condemned the Egyptian and Iranian governments for arresting and beating protesters, former U.S. Army and CIA officer Ray McGovern was violently ejected from the audience and arrested after he stood up and turned his back in a silent protest of America’s foreign policy. Ray McGovern joins us from Washington, D.C. [includes rush transcript]

LAME.

关于Google

Mr. Schmidt made the argument he long has, according to these people, namely that it is moral to do business in China in an effort to try to open up the regime. Mr. Brin strenuously argued the other side, namely that the company had done enough trying and that it could no longer justify censoring its search results.

From WSJ via Daring Fireball.

In fact, if you dig deep enough, you may find stories about Brin how he is anti China and anti Chinese government. It is not surprising considering his “origin”.

However, I think Google has gone too far. And I would call Google a big fat liar because their chief legal officer said, years back when Google entered China, it is not for financial interest but to help making China more open. What? Who has a sane mind would actually believe that? Like I said, Google is just trying to gain moral high ground and making itself look good, just a PR strategy.

Essentially, as my previous blog has continued to show, that China has problem in freedom of speech, yes. But for US, it is also very problematic. Some Americans, as I’ve seen, are saying as long as Google filter child porn, it is ok if they don’t filter political content that Chinese government doesn’t like. But hey, you know, Child porn is filtered in the US based on US law. Who do you think Google is not to abide Chinese law to not to filter all the porn?

US has an effective control over speech. Just in a different form and way from China. Google may not block certain content in the US. But essentially it is not heaven and hell difference.

While I would be extremely happy if China stop censoring or blocking websites, I am not on the side of Google. Even less when Google is pretending to be the freedom defender. Remember, Schmidt did not even think privacy is that important on the internet because if you don’t want other people to know what you did, you better not do it. Google is totally far away from a saint company. No matter how hard you try to make you look like one.

伊力哈木•土赫被拘留的问题

伊力哈木•土赫是一个维吾尔族经济学学者。开办有网站。新疆省长曾批评这个网站对新疆暴乱起到帮助作用。最近被拘留。随后有超过100名中国“知识分子”和“作家”联名署名呼吁释放。按照美联社的报道。

不过,我看到这个签名列表,有一些确实是作家,有些是知名支持分裂的作家,比如“唯色”。唯色的博客最近还有关于“Free Tibet”演唱会在台北举行的文章,是在滑稽。现在台湾分裂势力都减弱,统一是趋势,而且即使是民国政府掌权,估计也不会让西藏独立出去。

跑题。不过这个列表里的人,有很多是“自由职业者”,“独立作家”,“自由撰稿人”。按照有些人的说法,是这些读文科的都脑残了。但是我倒是怀疑这些所谓知识分子有多少是真的算是知识分子。即使是知识分子,也不代表什么,知识分子之间的分歧也很多。

虽然我认为,如果这个维吾尔学者有罪,应该公开起诉和审判,而不应该沿袭国内暗箱操作的风格。如果要暗箱操作,假审判,和北朝鲜审判美国记者有什么区别?

至于他的研究课题,据美联社说,最近是主要关注于中国政府鼓励汉人进入新疆,使得本地维吾尔族在经济和政治地位上处于劣势和边缘化。

Tohti’s academic work had begun to focus on how Chinese policies that encourage Han Chinese to move into Xinjiang have disadvantaged and marginalized native Uighurs.

个人认为,这确实是一个问题。但是,单方面阻止汉人移居,就是搞种族隔离。美国人移居的自由比中国人还要多。而且新疆这些地方,虽然不适宜人类居住,但是毕竟地广人稀。汉族人口,没办法,是绝对会稀释少数民族的。个人认为搞种族隔离和保护,不如接受这个事实。全世界的文化都被美国,西方文化同化,大家还不如关注一下这个问题。

而西方就更搞笑了。一方面反对中国计划生育,一方面要说汉族人把少数民族稀释同化了。少数民族还可以多生,热比娅还生了10多个。要是中国不控制汉人人口,现在少数民族地区估计更多汉人。

而白人人口是世界第一大人种。白人要是不到处移民,欧洲岂不是要爆炸了?也不脸红。

地震豆腐渣

最近移居Twitter进行mini blog,很久没有正经的写点博客了。但是没想到,一写就是沉重的话题。

汶川地震1周年即将来临。传来消息称四川政府将不继续追究调查地震中因质量问题倒塌的校舍。另据报道,四川省建设厅厅长说,汶川地震中无因建筑质量倒塌校舍。一些相关报道,例如外国记者前往灾区采访遭到骚扰等,我就不说了。放到附件PDF里,有心思的人可以看看作为参考。

这个世界上有良知的人很多。但是常常还是无法战胜那些恶心,无耻,被逼,腐败的“非人”。国际知名艺术家艾未未关注地震中丧失的学生名单,刊登在他新浪博客上,就被管理员屡次删掉。据说政府官方也迟迟不肯公布丧生学生统计。

援引艾未未的话:

四川政府再一次在全世界的公众面前毁了自己一把,再次偏离了“科学发展观”的神圣含义。自以为可以超越事实和道义之上,并毅然拒绝挽回公信和荣誉的衰败,再一次将悲痛的自然天灾涂抹上不自然的现实人祸色彩。
一年之后的,极不情愿的5335个遇难学生的空洞数字,仍然是没有名字,缺少细节,没有诚意,缺乏说服力的。推卸责任,回避讨论和公开,片段的事实,部分的真相之后是什么呢。
今天,不是你说了我就会相信,今天是你说什么我都不信了,你就说吧。
当一个政府的解释不能说服他的人民,人们开始拒绝遗忘,拒绝谎言,这该是谁的悲哀呢。

中国哪里都一样。省政府如此,成都市政府如此,我在四川老家的地方政府也是黑政府旗下之小分支。我们家购买的商品房,还没有搬进去就发现严重质量问题。专家鉴定说地基不牢,没有打到底,但是认为不是建筑质量问题,政府对群众上访不理不睬,甚至通知上访者单位领导对上访者进行威胁,与开发商一起压迫大众,开发商也不赔偿,只是说要加固。难道地震里死的人还不够?我对这些黑暗的事实已经丧失了言语的能力。愤怒在中国是行不通的,百姓只能忍,只能去“和谐”。和谐社会,靠压迫来建设,实乃历史上又一黑暗篇章。

另附有一张家长请愿书。
家长请愿书

附件PDF下载:
地震

最后敬佩艾未未,一个知名,但是在中国基本上算一文不值,无权无势的艺术家,敢于站出来说话。

Is America Really Making Progress?

Obama won. Not surprising. However, not a landslide win. I believe most people would believe Obama has a much bigger campaign and visibility. Yes, indeed. Obama spent at least twice the amount of money compared to McCain. That is, about 700 million US dollars. I believed Obama also had much more volunteers to work for him. Based on these, it is interesting that he had not won more votes.

So, about Obama. If any of the following is true: 1) he has spend half the amount of money 2) he is 100% black instead of 50% white, which possibly makes him visually more pleasing to more white people 3) G. W. Bush had not made such a big mess, I think Obama would not have won. Interesting, again.

Black population in US is about 13%. There are also hispanic Black people who may consider themselves colored or black. About 90% of Black people probably voted for Obama. Think about that. That is about over 10% of total voters. That means, out of 52% popular votes, only about 41% are from non-black voters. In fact, these data suggest that Obama is in fact not popular among non-black people, and older people.

Many people see Obama’s win as a progress of America. But I do not entirely believe that. Although he is definitely a symbol that black people are becoming more and more equal to white, it does not suggest racism is gone. In fact, Obama beating Hillary could suggest that women are still discriminated, and black people not voting fairly. If Hillary was a white man, it could be that Obama would not be able to become DEM nominee. Anyway. It seems Obama’s win is itself a symbol of racism. Because he probably would not have won if he is 100% black. His win suggest, together with the trend of popular black celebrities, that white people judge by appearance, still.

Now I also have to talk about human rights. California, Arizona, and Florida banned same-sex marriage. In fact, they wrote discrimination into state constitution. Oh yes, Obama is against same-sex marriage. And exit poll says, majority of black voters in CA vote for prop 8. And

Among the more unusual measures on this year’s ballots was one in Florida that would repeal an old clause in the state constitution that allows legislators to bar Asian immigrants from owning land. The repeal would be symbolic, as equal protection laws would prevent lawmakers from applying the ban. With 78 percent of precincts reporting just before 11 p.m. Tuesday, the vote was close, with 52 percent voting to preserve the clause.

Well I am not going to say too much more. You judge.

奥运的正面意义不在欧美

从火炬接力开始,欧美其实就一直在试图低效奥运给中国带来的正面影响。但是当火炬进入第三世界国家的时候,火炬的传递都没有什么问题。不管欧美是否是“有组织有预谋”进行这场传媒战,欧美人至少是饱汉不知饿汉饥的。他们毕竟是发达国家,及时他们自己的人权问题不完美,但是在他们眼里,其他国家的问题主要就是人权问题,仿佛吃不吃的保,穿不穿的暖,有没有房子住,是否可以生活在统一的国家,所在国的经济发展速度是否快速,等等这些问题,都不属于人权,仿佛人权就只有言论自由,政治自由和宗教自由这三个核心问题。但是我们身在欧美的中国人,也因为欧美媒体的一叶障目。这个世界并非只有欧美,还有亚非拉。这些国家是绝对没有欧美对这三个“核心问题”那样关切的。即使是BBC和加拿大的CBC,同NYT/CNN比起来,也正面得多。

因此可以说,奥运的正面意义更多的是在于赢得第三世界国家对中国的进一步认可。估计中国政府也没有奢望欧美会一步到位的认可中国的进步。而亚非拉才是中国争夺的对象,因为实质上欧美是对手,而不是被争取的部分。据美联社报道,这次奥运会参与国家数量创记录,拿到奖牌的国家数量也创纪录,还有不少国家取得突破性的进展。美国的很多负面报道,也是因为中国于美国的直接竞争导致。那些和中国没有直接竞争的国家,我揣测,虽然没有看到,是不会对中国负面报道占主导的。

因此,不能认为这次奥运会中国是给自己找了麻烦。我们的目光太局限于欧美的话,确实会得出这样的结论。欧美对中国的理解完全还不够深入。我认为整个世界都不应该对立,而是一起发展。我希望美国媒体只是为了麻痹群众,而美国的精英层清楚应该如何面对中国崛起带来的挑战和机遇。日本对中国的理解绝对是比欧美深入的,这也是为什么日本不怎么参合西藏问题,虽然台湾问题要参合,因为军事利益的关系。

真的,中国人应该为中国感到骄傲,即使中国还有很多问题有待解决。那些所谓民主的第三世界国家,为什么发展了这么久,成就比起中国差这么多,我想说明了一个问题,那就是一步到位实施西方民主,确实不一定符合自己的国情,也不一定可以保证一个国家的全面发展。希望中国能从奥运会得到更多经济发展的促进作用,也希望经济发展到一定程度之后,国家能够更加以人为本,真正社会主义化而不是资本主义化,人民的各种权利也进一步得到保障。这才是最重要的。中国进一步发展之后,欧美将不得不面对显示,不得不全方位的去认知和理解中国。

Virginia Tech Massacre by Cho Seung-hui and What went Wrong in America?

Basically I experienced the Virginia Tech Massacre on April 16th, 2007. I strongly condemn Cho Seung-huia and mourn the 32 innocent deceased. And I felt it is necessary for me to express my own opinions on this terrible tragedy.

Administration of Virginia Tech

Although more can be deserved, there was no way for Virginia Tech to foresee this tragedy. They should not be blamed for what happened. Even if they sent out the shooting email earlier, I would assume that most people would still consider the situation should be under control and still go to Norris Hall for classes. If classes were cancelled, Cho might still shoot people outside classroom, or in the dorm, or somewhere else.

Media Report

Media response is prompt. Coverage is huge. However the depth of the reports are mostly superficial. Reporters and talk show hosts quite frequently asked their questions in a way that tend to lure interviewees to answer questions the way the Network’s desired. For example, CNN frequently try to get answers like “I am very angry with Virginia Tech administration” or “I will transfer to another university”. Also, they fail to discuss the underlying possible causes of the tragedy. Even after AP reported that, according to Cho’s high school classmates, he was often bullied and laughed at, they are reluctant to discuss that the American society and culture played a role. I personally don’t believe Cho is a natural-born killer. I believe if people treated him differently or tried harder, this could have been prevented.

Virginia Tech Students and other Hokies

Virginia Tech students and other Hokies showed that Blacksburg is a strong community. I saw strong spirit. And I believe we will recover from the pain, remember our lost but move on strong.

Cho Seung-hui

Nikki Giovanni is a Horrible Person who does not deserve “Distinguished Professor” title

She first told the media that she immediately suspected that Cho was the shooter and would be surprised otherwise. And she called Cho as mean and troubled “crap”. She totally gave up on Cho and threatened to resign if he is not removed from her class. I understand that Cho was tough to handle, but Giovanni left so MUCH more to be desired. In another interview, she even describe Cho as “Bully”.

“I know that there’s a tendency to think that everybody can get counseling or can have a bowl of tomato soup and everything is going to be all right,” she said. “But I think that evil exists, and I think that he was a mean person.”

Giovanni encountered Cho only once after she removed him from class. She was walking down a campus path and noticed him coming toward her. They maintained eye contact until passing each other.

Giovanni, who had survived lung cancer, was determined she would not blink first.

“I was not going to look away as if I were afraid,” she said. “To me he was a bully, and I had no fear of this child.”

I was originally shocked to hear what she first said. Then I was even more shocked. Bully? Funny. Because according to Cho’s high school classmates, Cho was the underdog. And I believe that it is likely that Cho’s all kinds of experience are causes of what he has become, including Nikki Giovanni‘s cruelty, irresponsibility as a teacher, and pretence.

I think Giovanni just tried to be a heroine, who “fight” with this killer even before he became a killer, by removing him from class, and “would not blink first” while having “direct eye contact”. This is absolutely disgusting.

Giovanni also consider Cho’s writings as the following besides disturbing and violent, source from here:

His work had no meter or structure or rhyme scheme. To Giovanni, it was simply “a tirade.”

However it has been reported on MSNBC that the Prof. Lucinda Roy who helped Cho one-on-one found Cho as “intelligent” and “gifted writer”. She even gave Cho an “A”. Roy said, in the end, Cho managed to finish assignment and produce results. So I was wondering, if there are more professors here at Virginia Tech are like Prof. Lucinda Roy.

Is Cho a Victim Too?

To me, Cho seem to an victim too. Hey, I don’t mean his crime can be forgotten simply because he’s victim too. But when we cannot change what have happened, we should also look into the causes that made him such a terrible person. This is what American media fail to do. For exmaple, even there are already evidence to show that Cho was bullied, they are still saying that he just “imagined” all those enemies. Now some crappy psychiatrist is saying Cho is gay but he tried to disprove it by stalking girls. These are what American media are focused on right now.

Americans are just afraid to admit that Cho might the results of high school bullying and possibly racism as well. They would rather take him as natural-born killer, and the system in USA is perfect. But apparently many people, especially non-Americans, would think otherwise. But here is an example from someone’s blog, who was also been bullied when he was young. Americans just don’t want to face the fact, it seems. Cho was not alone.

I would say, Cho is also a victim. And he is victim before he committed crime. And victim of another kind after he became a criminal.

Again, being a victim does not make his crime go away. But it is sad.

What went wrong in America?

Possibly these are wrong:

  • Lack of effectuive gun control, especially on campus
  • Unwillingness to face racism or at least suppression upon Asian groups
  • Unwillingness to face the fact that Bullying in schools is a potential problem. Like they said, a lot of kids were bullied but they turned out to be fine. But we all know how crappy this argument is.
  • They tried to render Cho as natural-born killer and evil. They were simply avoid to explorer the social context a little further.

To End

We are all in sorrow. We are all shocked and we were not prepared. It is probably time to heal. But I believe we want to know why and need to learn. What’s the most important thing is that instead of just put all the responsibilities on Cho, we can reflect on ourselves.

提出“汉奸言论”可监禁20年提案是侵犯人权?

联合早报报道认为,政协委员喻权域是极左人士,“要求制定法律严惩为帝国主义列强侵略中国辩护的“汉奸言论”。有关媒体和学者则指喻权域的提案是在宣扬极权主义,明显违反了言论自由精神”。

然而很明显这是对中国人权状况采用了双重标准。虽然网上言论之间的碰撞中,相对方盖上“汉奸”的情况时有发生,但是被盖上帽子的人并非就是犯法。委员的提案是要立法,既然是立法,就应该比较严谨而且有条例可以遵循。例如,

他的提案将建议对汉奸罪作如下惩处:凡为1840年鸦片战争以来列强对华侵略行为辩护者,处10年以下有期徒刑;凡为1931年(九一八事变)以来外国对华侵略行为辩护者,处20年以下有期徒刑;刊载汉奸言论的报章负责人要负连带责任,也要处三年以下监禁。

虽然其中可能有过激的地方,例如报章负责人也要监禁,或者监禁年限过长,但是总体来说我认为惩罚并非不可。“欧洲11个国家都有关于禁止为纳粹翻案言论的法例,奥地利更严厉执行有关法案”,而且我今天也看到甚至对于全球还有争议的土耳其奥特曼帝国时代发生的种族清洗,法国都立法惩罚否认这一事件的人。为什么欧洲这些国家的做法就没有人指责是侵犯言论自由,而中国有人提出对一个普遍认可的事实加以立法保护禁止犯案辩护,就变成“极权主义”了呢?

当然,任何立法禁止某些言论的做法都是无益于言论自由的。只是双重标准是不行的。

Unfortunately, Virginia is not for lovers.

535

“Virginis is for lovers” is the official slogan for Virginia. However, more and more people believe that Virginia is not for lovers.

Recommend readings:

Virginia Lawmakers say ‘Virginia’s Not for Lovers Anymore’
Virginia is Not for Lovers
Virginia is not for lovers
Not for lovers: banning same-sex contracts
Virginia is NOT for Lovers
Virginia Is for (Homoracial, Heterosexual, Mentally Adequate) Lovers

OH NO! Don’t make me mention that again… Virginia is the last state in US to allow cross race marriage, less than 40 years ago.

Today I am just lucky to be able to see several lesbians giving a seminar about LGBTA rights stituation in Virginia. This is one of the most important reasons why I have this post. More detailed journal about this seminar will be posted here soon in Chinese. I told my friends that Virginia is for Lover… now I will think again before I say this.
今天有幸碰巧听到几位女同性恋在学校里面举办的Virginia的LGBTA权益状况讲座。这是我为什么发这一个Blog的最重要原因之一。更详细关于此次讲座的记录将在不久的将来用中文发布。以前我给朋友说,Virginia是恋人的(Virginia is for lovers),现在要这样说的话,我可要好好思量一下了。

BBC中文网看中国总是带着有色眼镜

BBC中文网又发布看似中肯实则墨青眼镜的文章《透过“两会”看“民主”》,记者是BBC中文网高毅。

文章就两会代表广开博客(Blog)现象展开。作者认为所谓“官民‘无缝对接’”其实没有任何实际意义。作者同时指出很多人大代表博客留言,有问无答。作者继续引用“痴心不改”的网友留言:

可仍有网友痴心不改,一个自称靳国的山东人发表了大段的”跟帖”,甚至比张抗抗的文章还长,其中有一篇写道:”五十多年前著名作家魏巍写过《谁是最可爱的人》,我现在要写的是《谁是最可耻的人》”靳国说:”官商勾结坑职工的人最可耻;言而无信的共产党员、干部最可耻!”

接下来作者进一步引用网友留言,质疑人大代表的代表性:

通过互联网搜集百姓问题也有自己的风景。网名为”松涛竹韵梅香”在回应中央电视台网站”我有问题问温总理”的话题时这么写道: 温总理好: 我想问温总理,人大代表里有家是25平方的房子吗,有拿400元钱工资的吗,有一日三餐粗茶淡饭的吗?人大代表里有伫立在烈日下、严冬里的城市”大板锹吗”?有看人间百态的”的哥”吗?有几十人挤在一个工棚里的民工吗?有每天都遭白眼的业务员吗?有每月只拿400元一家五口的国企工人吗?有每天骑驴沿街叫卖的小贩吗,有因无米下锅孩子交不上学费又找不到工作而惆怅的男人哭泣的女人吗?”

最后作者苦闷于自己没有能够获得采访权,并下结论博客只是纸上谈兵。

由此可见作者也许是因为没有得到采访权,内心受到了伤害,所以不唱唱反调心里是不会愉快的。中国网络其实异常活跃,虽然有政府的监管,但是可以说网友的言论活跃程度、参与人数和规模,远在欧美国家之上。作者刻意避开中国跟进网络时尚,采用先进的网络手段,增进人大代表和普通群众的交流的进步做法,反而将其贬得一文不值,可是他难道不知道欧美也没有几个议员议会有搞这样的博客?或许议员们都太忙了。可是人大代表也很忙,人大代表不是博客职业写家,回答不了所有的问题也是很正常的,作者的指责完全是不切实际,异常荒谬。博客拉近了距离,但是和大家写信给人大代表、议会议员一样,并非每个人都能够得到回信,更不要说网友留言绝对比真实的来信还要多得多,这也说明了交流的加强。至于人大代表有没有比如民工,的哥什么的,我不清楚。但是我知道有类似职业的人,虽然比例并不大。可是反观英国议会,里面又何尝有类似人群呢?我们不管中国人大代表里面有多少来自底层,但是多少至少是有的,为什么作者连这么基本的中国议会制度相对于英国议会制度至少在成员构成上的优越性也看不到呢?

作者应该是没有得到采访权,苦闷了吧。

多数人没有看懂断背山

(本文作者保留继续修改的权力)

有多少人其实根本就没有看懂断背山?太多了。
断背山主题不是爱,更不是广义的爱,更更不是美好的爱情。
断背山有爱,不是广义的爱,而是两个人自然产生的平凡的爱,不是伟大的爱。
断背山想要告诉大家的,就是两个人可以产生爱。不管是同性恋的爱还是异性恋的爱,都是爱。最重要的是,同性恋的爱被压迫,使得两个平凡的爱人,不能在一起,不得不和不爱的人结婚,不得不“背叛妻子”去幽会,最后落到如此悲惨的结局。要知道Jack就是因为被别人知道了他的性取向,被打死的;正如Ennis小时候所看到的被杀死的老头那样。这简直是比种族主义更为残忍、更没有人性的事情。

因此Crash讲讲种族纠纷,种族冲突,种族混战,就话题的深刻程度上都是完全不如断背山的。将最佳影片授予Crash,本来也是美国主流文化的一种胜利。为什么说Crash就题材和想要揭示的东西上面来讲,不如断背山呢?

不是说种族主义不可怕,但是毕竟种族之间,还是有很大的差异,有点冲突,可以理解。但是同一个种族里面,生活在一起,说一样的话,接受一样的教育,穿一样的衣服,仅仅性取向不同,就会遭到如此的迫害,你说究竟是种族主义更可怕,还是对同性恋的迫害更可怕?如果说人们可以去迫害和自己仅仅是性取向不一样的人,那么我们可以想象,文化背景价值观点等等都不一样的不同种族之间,发生的可能就不仅仅是迫害了。所以,如果我们连同性恋也不能宽容,我们究竟有什么能力去宽容种族之间的差异?

同时,断背山将这种泯灭人性的对同性恋的迫害,讲得那么轻柔,那么不具杀伤力,没有震撼力,让大家都陶醉在美丽的风景,女配角的乳房里面,最后大家就总结出一个字,美。说起来,断背山这样拍,一则避免了和美国主流宗教势力更直接的对撞(即使如此,都有几万人的大游行反同性恋,反断背山),二则是使用以柔克刚的中国式打法。当然这也使得很多人没有能够看懂。当然,要是他们都看懂了,超越了简单的“美”了,在美国想必也就没有那么多人还对断背山那么感觉良好了。毕竟美国总体和主流都是很保守的。

断背山Brokeback Mountain奥斯卡失利和美国主旋律

断背山未能获得最佳影片:
被认为是美国主流势力的胜利;断背山违反保守宗教国家的主旋律~
有断背山剧组重要人员人戏称也许因为评委都是生活在城市里的,所以不投给乡村主题的断背山。不过我看是侧面敲打。李安称自己不知道失利原因,也只是假装不知道。

李安说得也对的。中国人比美国人开放。虽然中国反对同性恋的人也很多,但是不像美国有那么对针对同性恋的恐怖犯罪活动,而且中国人在网上发表的反对理由比较弱智(比如这是“鼓励同性恋”,小孩子以后就都同性恋了),是可以通过正规讨论使得大家理解的。美国的反对则更多是宗教的势力,更不要说一个自称民主自由的国家的(政教合一)总统,要积极从宪法里面确立对同性恋的歧视。

美国从奴隶制,到禁止跨种族婚姻(直到1967最后一个州才废除禁止跨种族婚姻的禁令),再到企图从宪法禁止同性婚姻,(后两者都是“上帝”认为是错误的),使得我们不得不重新审视美国的自由和民主机制。

“同志”一词无益于同性恋争取权益

同志一词本意和同性恋毫无关系,现在被同性恋人群广泛使用指代“同性恋”,发源于台湾。

“同志”一词表示同性恋人群的不自信

为什么同性恋者喜欢使用“同志”一词?因为潜意识里面同性恋者在社会压力下,感觉“同性恋”一词属于贬义词,听起来不好听,是坏的词语,不委婉,所以倾向于使用缓和的“同志”来指代。这表明同性恋者对于自我是否正常是否健康,自己的倾向和行为是否正确的不自信心理。如果同性恋者足够自信,相信自己没有错,那么还真的需要“委婉”的表示性取向吗?

“同性恋”和“异性恋”一样,是中性词语

“同性恋”不是贬义词语。即使社会压力使得“同性恋”一词带有负面色彩,那么也不是回避可以解决的。相反使用“同性恋”一词,有助于维护“同性恋”一词的中性。否则“同性恋”一词将会被主要用在反对同性恋的文献中,同时“同性恋”一词的含义又不可能改变,因此日久天长,“同性恋”一词将实质性变成贬义词汇。

继续使用“同志”一词,将导致其表义和实质含义不统一

“同志”一词除了“同”和“同性恋”还有想通意思,“志”则和“爱”,和“恋”,和“性”都没有任何联系,就造词角度而言,是不科学,不符合文法的。由于新中国的“同志”是专有词语,有其特殊的意思,使用这个词语来表示同性恋,可能不仅不能真的缓和反感,相反引发人们的反感(乱用词语,“玷污”“同志”一词)。同时也有可能导致迷惑。

总结

正如欧美同性恋运动要“Pride”,同性恋者和其权益维护者应该要自豪的使用“同性恋”这个词语。“同志”一词的使用对同性恋者维护自己权益,对同性恋者的形象没有正面意义,因此应该被停止使用。

中国应该保护同性恋者人权

中国一直以来自称中国人权状况不断改善,相对美国比较虚伪的人权,自己的人权保护比较实在。在美国侵犯同性恋者权益,伤害同性恋者犯罪行为不断的背景下(援引李安谈自己的电影《断背山》),中国应该切实保护同性恋者合法权益,以示中国人权状况的先进性。

传说李银河今年又要在两会上提交议案,要求立法保护同性恋者权益。她还在天涯论坛上发贴寻求群众支持。恐同现象在全球普遍存在 。一下援引一位网友充满智慧又比较全面的论证,来反驳哪些理由完全不充分的反同言论:

恐同症症状之一,闭目塞听以无知推断;
    
      此种症状表现为,他根本没有遇见过同志,但从一些过时电影或自己的想像中得到一个同性恋的形象,觉得同性恋个个反性别,男的像女,女的像男,不男不女,认为他们变态或心理有问题。殊不知,同性恋并不是异性癖,娘娘腔者中也不乏异性恋。更多的同志是普普通通的常人,也许就在身边,人们根本觉察不到。
    
恐同症症状之二,厚此薄彼而择其所好;
    
      此种症状表现为,直人男可以接受女同性恋,对男同性恋鄙视有加,直人女则相反,这种症状起因是只动用了下半身思考,直人男意淫女同志,直人女意淫男同志,对自己同性别的同性恋则加以反对,原因是不能满足自己的意淫快感。建议多用脑子的其他区域思考思考。这样的区别对待是恐同的典型表现之一。
    
恐同症症状之三,杞人忧天怕人类灭绝;
    
      此种症状表现为,担心同性恋会泛滥成灾,人类无法维持人口再生产,结果人种灭绝,地球成为荒地。要解除这种症状,只要了解一下同性恋占人口的比例就好了。
    
恐同症症状之四,食不下咽怕道德沦丧;
    
      此种症状表现为:视同性恋为洪水猛兽,同性恋是道德败坏,腐朽堕落,资产阶级自由化,同性恋会带坏青少年,会影响邻里关系,会损害公司形象,会影响社会稳定,会导致道德沦丧……如果得了此种症状,建议多去大自然走走,到图书馆坐坐,放松放松心情,提高提高素养,就不会再有这样的偏见了。
    
    
恐同症症状之五,恐惧爱滋推同性顶罪;
    
      此种症状表现为:知识陈旧,受到过去片面宣传而误以为同性恋就是爱滋病,同性恋必患爱滋病,所以要保护异性恋者就要禁止同性恋,以为没了同性恋就没了艾滋病。得这种症状的人现在是越来越少了,但是不可否认还有程度轻重不等的某些患者存在。其实,同性恋和异性恋完全是一根绳上的蚂蚱,谁也不比谁高明,艾滋病是人类的共同敌人,而同性恋不是。把同性恋挡在防治防治艾滋的范围之外和把艾滋传染的责任全部推给同性恋一样,都将是人类的灾难。
    
恐同症症状之六,已所不欲却硬施于人;
    
      此种症状表现为:一听到同性恋,就想到两个男人(或女人)怎么做爱,想象着他们的性行为方式,想起来就厌恶,症状轻者,摇摇头,觉得无法接受,不可理喻,症状严重者,脱口大骂:变态、恶心,恨不能灭绝所有同性恋者。这种症状的发作率比较高,危害也比较大。建议患者想开些,他人床弟之事,与自己何干?邻家的丑男不也和那丑女作着相差无几的事情吗?何苦自作自受强迫自己?难道喜欢别人一听说自己找了个女(男)朋友就被人家想像成在床上扭来扭去的那两团肉么?
    
    
恐同症症状之七,担心同志来骚扰自己;
    
      此种症状表现为:有的人害怕同志如同害怕传说中的妖鬼,平常和一个好朋友无话不谈,可是不想有一天这朋友承认了他是同志,于是二话不说,弃他而去,连见到他都避而远之。或者有的人,认为自己周围根本没有同志,在他的假设中,假如身边有个同志的话,就会恬不知耻地来骚扰自己。其实,只要想想自己周围的异性,看看是不是个个都会骚扰自己,就能知道,不是人人都会对自己感兴趣的,平时还是要少自作多情为好。
    
恐同症症状之七,无故痛恨而打杀同志
    
      此种症状表现比较极端:因为综上所述的种种症状导致有的严重者根本无法控制自己,假如知道对方是同志,不分清红皂白就跳起打杀,出现命案也在所不惜,这种人如果站在决策者的高位,那么同性恋者就只能躲入十八层地域。虽然此种症状表现在中国比较少,但是在某些国家还是有的。这种症状的治疗,则不是说说教教就能治好的。
    
恐同症症状之九,情绪强烈反同志婚姻;
    
      此种症状表现为:他可能知道同性恋是怎么回事,也可能不知道是怎么回事,但只要是听到同性恋者要求婚姻合法化,便奋起反对,认为同性婚姻违反自然,大逆不道,不孝有三,无后为大,认为同性恋无理要求更多权利,认为同性婚姻是对异性婚姻的挑战,管你同性要求婚姻是什么理由,即使是对异性婚姻和社会是十分有利的,在他看来,同志婚姻合法化不允许就是不允许,不需要理由。此症状者通常并发有上数种症状,同时也是最难治疗的。

点评以上引文。文中大量使用“同志”一词指代同性恋,使用“直人”指代异性恋(来自英文straight)。本站不赞同这种叫法